Tips for handling food
Food hygiene is important for good health. Therefore, pay attention to the purchase, preparation, cooking and storage of food, so as not to cause stomach upset, serious food poisoning.
Five methods of food storage
- The purchased food should be unpacked as soon as possible, not ready to be wrapped or covered.
- Store raw and cooked food separately in the refrigerator to avoid mutual contamination.
- The temperature of the refrigerator should be kept between one and four degrees Celsius to slow down the rate of bacterial growth.
- There should be no food stored in the refrigerator and it must be cleaned regularly.
- Bags and canned foods should also be carefully preserved, and always pay attention to the date of consumption: acidic canned foods such as tomatoes and spinach can be stored for 12 to 18 months; cans with lower acidity can be stored for two to five years.
Keep the kitchen clean six principles
- Keep the kitchen clean and dry to prevent bacteria from multiplying in warm and humid conditions.
- The chopping board should be disinfected frequently, especially after cutting raw meat and poultry.
- The rag should be replaced every day, washed with disinfectant and dried.
- The trash can should be cleaned regularly and rinsed regularly with disinfectant.
- Don’t let pets get close to food and kitchen stoves.
- Containers for storing food should be covered to prevent flies and other insects from infecting food.
Eight points to wash food
- Wash your hands with soap and hot water first.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief when you cough, then wash your hands and then touch the food.
- If you have a wound on your hand, wear rubber gloves.
- When frozen foods (especially poultry) are removed from the freezer, be careful not to let the snow get on other foods to avoid bacterial growth.
- Meat and poultry should be rinsed before cooking.
- Vegetables should be washed first, washed away with harmful microorganisms or pesticides before cutting.
- Cutting raw meat, poultry, and fish is best done with a special cutting board. The plastic cutting board is more hygienic than the wooden cutting board.
- Cut the raw food knife must be washed before cutting the cooked food.
Cooking four rules
- Chicken may have salmonella, and pig beef contains parasites, so it must be fully cooked.
- The oven is heated to a temperature sufficient for sterilization.
- Cooked food should be eaten immediately to prevent microbes from multiplying at room temperature. For example, Bacillus is easy to breed in rice.
- The food should be thoroughly reheated overnight before it can be eaten.